It can be extremely difficult to navigate the rough seas of mental health issues including anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These circumstances frequently produce an unrelenting mental storm that upsets a person’s emotional balance and general well-being. But, it is possible to find a quiet oasis in the middle of the mayhem if you have a thorough awareness and understanding of these circumstances and the right tactics.
We will delve deeply into various mental health concerns in this blog, illuminating the nuanced details that make them unique. We want to provide you with a thorough grasp of the underlying causes, triggers, and symptoms of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by exploring the intricacies of these diseases.
UNDERSTANDING ANXIETY, DEPRESSION AND PTSD
To initiate the process of resolution and coping with anxiety, depression, and PTSD, it is crucial to begin with a thorough comprehension of these conditions. Therefore, let’s delve into the definitions, symptoms and some common types of these mental health issues.
What is Anxiety and Anxiety Disorder?
Anxiety as defined by the American Psychological Association (APA) is “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes like increased blood pressure.” This mental health condition manifests as an overwhelming surge of nervousness, fear, apprehension, and incessant worry.
Anxiety can be a common human emotion, especially when confronted with challenging situations in various aspects of life, be it at home, in a business environment, or at work. It can also manifest when dealing with a job interview, tackling difficult examination questions, or making significant family decisions. However, when anxiety becomes chronic and overwhelming, it can lead to anxiety disorders, which, in turn, significantly disrupt daily life and activities.
Anxiety disorders frequently present a variety of symptoms, including restlessness, palpitations of the heart, excessive perspiration, sensations of breathlessness, uncontrollable feelings of worry, heightened irritability, challenges in maintaining focus, disrupted sleep patterns, and muscle tension.
Common anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder, Selective mutism, phobia, and panic disorder.
What is Depression?
Depression, known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, is a mood-related condition characterized by an enduring sense of sorrow and a diminished interest in various aspects of life. This mental health condition significantly impacts one’s emotions, cognition, and actions, potentially giving rise to an array of emotional and physical difficulties which impede the ability to carry out routine daily tasks, and at times, you might even find yourself questioning the value of existence.
Some common symptoms of depression often include a loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, changes in appetite, disrupted sleep patterns, tearfulness, emptiness, excessive feelings of guilt, low energy levels, and difficulties maintaining focus.
Common types of depression include persistent depressive disorder, postpartum depression, Clinical depression (major depressive disorder), Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and more.
What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric condition that can develop in individuals who have been exposed to or have personally witnessed a traumatic event, a sequence of events, or a specific set of circumstances. It can lead to intrusive memories, nightmares, severe anxiety, and flashbacks of past events that occurred weeks, months, or even years ago.
Oftentimes, these events can be highly distressing, terrifying, or perilous, leading those affected to actively seek ways to evade any triggers or reminders associated with these events. For instance, an individual who has lived through or been subjected to sexual assault, a fatal accident, a natural catastrophe, or bullying may deliberately shun any stimuli that bring these traumatic experiences to mind.
Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can take various forms which include alterations in cognitive function and emotional state, intrusive thoughts, distorted beliefs about oneself, avoidance of remembering a traumatic event, distorted sleeping pattern, excessive vigilance and suspicion.
COPING WITH ANXIETY, DEPRESSION AND PTSD
Anxiety, depression, and PTSD often come with negative thought patterns. Try to challenge these thoughts and reframe them in a more positive or realistic light. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is particularly effective in addressing these cognitive distortions.
3. Set Realistic and Achievable Goals:
Set achievable goals to break down the overwhelming challenges of anxiety, depression, or PTSD into manageable steps. Each small success can boost your self-esteem and motivate you to keep moving forward.
Are you facing any of the above-mentioned mental health challenges and need to talk to someone or a counselor? Contact us today to schedule a free consultation session.